Sports Dieticians consultant

Treatment of Knee Pain

Treating knee pain consists of two main components:


Flexibility is the ability of muscles to lengthen sufficiently. It involves stretching the large muscle groups called the Hamstring and Quadriceps which control the knee joint. Stretches of lower limb muscles is a must.


Strength is the ability of muscles and joints to exert force.

Improving strength consists of resistance exercises using external weights such as weight cuffs or Resistance bands or the use of free weights such as dumbbells and barbells or strength training machines in the gym.

Improving the flexibility and strength of the knee joint should be carefully done after the foot, ankle and knee joint postural assessment are done.

It is recommended that the spine alignment and hip muscle strength testing are done before advising knee exercises to any person.

For post-operative or ligament repair knee patients. Isometric knee exercises and guided weight-bearing on the knee are done as rehab protocol.

For the general population, knee exercises can be approached as per following:-

Pointers for exercises:

Physical Therapy treatment of Knee Pain:

Podiatry :

Knee pain caused due to faulty ankle alignment is treated with the help of customised arch foot insoles or arched home slippers, to improve ankle biomechanics and reduce knee pain.

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