Diabetes care plan
Deep buttock pain due to prolonged sitting is a common phenomenon in sedentary lifestyle. Our sports physio Janhvi Vayada explains how to recognise the syndrome and manage it.

Piriformis is a small deep muscle situated under the gluteus muscle of the hip, through which the sciatic nerve passes.

Tightness of the piriformis muscle can cause pain or pinching of the sciatic nerve.

Piriformis syndrome happens when the tight piriformis muscle is forced to work for larger muscle groups around the hip, like gluteus muscle group or in someone having weak hip muscle strength.


  • Muscle spasm in deep buttock area.
  • Pain imitating hip pain.
  • Low back pain.
  • Radiating pain from the back.
  • Difficulty in walking.
  • Improper hip joint biomechanics while squatting/ lifting weights.
  • History of hip replacement.
  • Sacro-iliac joint arthritis.
  • Weak hip muscles.
  • Overloading of the piriformis muscle.

Management of Piriformis syndrome:

Mild to moderate symptoms of pain can be managed in the following ways:

Applying hot pack or cold pack for local pain relief.

Hip strengthening exercises (free weight and resistance band exercises).


Dr. Janhvi Vayada – Clinical Sports Physiotherapist

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