25th May is celebrated as World Thyroid Day to raise awareness among people battling thyroid disorders.
5 common thyroid diseases in India: (1) hypothyroidism, (2) hyperthyroidism, (3) goiter and iodine deficiency disorders, (4) Hashimoto’s thyroiditis, and (5) thyroid cancer.
Thyroid disorders are on the rise in India:
According to a clinical survey, about 32% Indians have suffered various forms of thyroid disorders.
Thyroid hormones control metabolism, growth, body temperature, the menstrual cycle, the functioning of vital organs and muscular strength. It interacts with estrogen and insulin. Both hypo and hyperthyroidism can cause insulin resistance.
Approximately 1 in 10 Indian adults suffer from hypothyroidism, a condition in which the thyroid gland does not produce enough thyroid hormones to meet the needs of the body. This condition is twice as common in women of child-bearing age.
Diagnosis: Blood tests (TSH, Free T3/T4, antibodies).
Shwetha Bhatia, Registered Dieteitan, Mind Your Fitness!